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Four Types Of Essays Ppt

Descriptive writing's main purpose is to describe. It is a style of writing that focuses on describing a character, an event, or a place in great detail. It can be poetic when the author takes the time to be very specific in his or her descriptions.


In good descriptive writing, the author will not just say: “The vampire killed his lover.”

He or she will change the sentence, focusing on more details and descriptions, like: “The bloody, red-eyed vampire, sunk his rust-colored teeth into the soft skin of his lover and ended her life."

Key Points:

  • It is often poetic in nature
  • It describes places, people, events, situations, or locations in a highly-detailed manner.
  • The author visualizes what he or she sees, hears, tastes, smells, and feels.

When You Would Use Descriptive Writing:

  • Poetry
  • Journal or diary writing
  • Nature writing
  • Descriptive passages in fiction


The iPhone 6 is unexpectedly light. While size of its screen is bigger than those of the iPhones that came before, it is thinner, and its smooth, rounded body is made of aluminum, stainless steel, and glass. The casing comes in a whitish silver, gold, or a color the company calls “space gray,” the color of the lead of a pencil, with darker gray accents.

This is an example because it describes aspects of the phone. It includes details such as the size, weight, and material.


So you just brought home a shiny new smartphone with a smooth glass screen the size of your palm. The first thing you will want to do when purchasing a new cell is buy a case. Cracking your screen is an awful feeling, and protection is inexpensive when you compare it to the costs of a new phone.

Even though this example uses adjectives, you can tell that this is not an example of descriptive writing because the purpose is not to describe the phone—it’s to persuade you to buy a case.

Presentation on theme: "FOUR TYPES OF WRITING. Expository Essays Descriptive Essays Narrative Essays Argumentative Essays(Persuasive)"— Presentation transcript:


2 Expository Essays Descriptive Essays Narrative Essays Argumentative Essays(Persuasive)

3 PURPOSE- EXPOSITORY ESSAY Five Paragraph Essay Examine an idea Gather and evaluate evidence * Common evaluation tool (especially on exams)

4 EXPOSITORY ESSAY Five Paragraphs: Paragraph 1- Introduction- thesis Paragraphs 2-4- Evidence based(body) Paragraph 5- Conclusion **Logical transitions between intro, body, conclusion

5 DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY Describe: to tell or depict in written or spoken words; give an account of Essay asks students to describe: Object Person Place Experience Situation Etc.

6 DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY Paint an image Create a mental image in reader’s mind Help reader feel like they are apart of the story

7 DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY Be cautious of word choice- be concise Use sensory language- smell, touch, feel, see, hear Use figurative language- simile, metaphor, onomatopoeia, alliteration, personification, hyperbole Help reader connect Don’t just tell…SHOW!!

8 DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY Introductory Paragraph- sets the stage (who, what, where, when, why) Hook/Background info/thesis Body Paragraphs- Provide detail of experience Appeal to reader Provide Imagery Conclusion- Wrap-up experience; evaluates experience/importance *Uses effective transitions between intro, body, and conclusion

9 NARRATIVE ESSAY Tells a story Write using personal experiences Allows to be creative and “move” the reader May use pronoun “I”

10 NARRATIVE ESSAY Author can write about: An experience from the past  Honorable mention  Embarrassing moment  Family vacation A recent event that is ongoing  Current school year  Athletics/after-school activity Something that happened to someone else  Ex: a parent, sibling, grandparent

11 NARRATIVE ESSAY Think of using parts of a story:  Introduction, characters, plot, setting, conclusion Think of purpose- similar to a thesis Clear language Effective conclusion

12 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY- PERSUASIVE Examine/Investigate topic Form a position on topic Research/gather evidence

13 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Structure: Introduction- hook overview argument thesis- form position on argument (3 supportive reasons Body(3)- focus on one piece of evidence per paragraph Go F.A.R (factual, anecdotal, reference authority) Conclusion- Re-state thesis Effective closing remark

14 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Must use- logical and accurate information Must cite sources In-text citations Works cited page Must use effective transitions

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