What Were The Aims Of The League Of Nations Essay
The Covenant of the League of Nations was built into the Treaty of Versailles at the end of the First World War. The League was Wilson's dream for a new world order - a new way of conducting foreign affairs that would abolish war and keep the world safe, but less than a quarter of a century later Wilson's dream lay in ruins.
The League of Nations was set up by the Treaty of Versailles.
- Its aims were to stop wars, encourage disarmament, and make the world a better place by improving people's working conditions, and by tackling disease.
- Its organisation comprised an assembly, which met once a year; a council, which met more regularly to consider crises; a small secretariat to handle the paperwork; a Court of International Justice; and a number of committees such as the International Labour Organisation and the Health Committee to carry out its humanitarian work.
- Its main strengths was that it had set up by the Treaty of Versailles, which every nation had signed, and it had 58 nations as members by the 1930s. To enforce its will, it could offer arbitration through the Court of International Justice, or apply trade sanctions against countries that went to war.
- Its main weaknesses were the fact that it was set up by the Treaty of Versailles (which every nation hated); that its aims were too ambitious; that Germany, Russia and the USA were not members; that it had no army; that its organisation was cumbersome; and that decisions had to be unanimous.
The Failure of the League of Nations Essay
2299 Words10 Pages
The Failure of the League of Nations
In this essay I am going to explain whether I agree or disagree with the following statement: 'The league failed in the 1930's simply because it faced greater challenges than it had faced in the 1920's.'
The League of Nations was formed in 1919 just after the First World War. It was the initial idea of Woodrow Wilson, the president of the USA, and was formed as an international police force to keep the peace and to make sure such world atrocities like the First World War never happened again.
When the league first started everyone had different ideas of what organisation it should be and what aims it should have. The league was based on the covenant…show more content…
Some Americans even didn't want to join the league as they were anti British or French. They thought that the League would be under the control of France or Britain and why should they fight for them. America not joining the league was the first major blow to the league.
America was not the only important country absent from the league Germany was not a member until 1926 and left in 1937.The USSR did not join until 1934 whilst Japan left in 1933 and Italy in 1937. Without such important powers the league lacked the power to enforce it decisions and sanctions.
Another weakness of the league was that it had no army. Therefore if economic sanctions failed military force was the next option. As the league had no armed forces of its own it relied upon its members. France and Britain, however, were reluctant to supply troops. Without an army the league could not enforce sanctions and could not make sure that members followed its order.
Decisions made by the League were too slow. When a crisis occurred, the League was supposed to act quickly. However the League met too infrequently and took too long to make decisions. It's democratic approach meant that it took a long time to reach a decision and often a decision would not be reached until it was pointless. Also some decisions made by the League had to be